T. Huang, J. Li, S. Koenig and B. Dilkina. Anytime Multi-Agent Path Finding via Machine Learning-Guided Large Neighborhood Search. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), pages 9368-9376, 2022.

Abstract: Multi-Agent Path Finding (MAPF) is the problem of finding a set of collision-free paths for a team of agents in a common environment. MAPF is NP-hard to solve optimally and, in some cases, also bounded-suboptimally. It is thus time-consuming for (bounded-sub)optimal solvers to solve large MAPF instances. Anytime algorithms find solutions quickly for large instances and then improve them to close-to-optimal ones over time. In this paper, we improve the current state-of-the-art anytime solver MAPF-LNS, that first finds an initial solution fast and then repeatedly replans the paths of subsets of agents via Large Neighborhood Search (LNS). It generates the subsets of agents for replanning by randomized destroy heuristics, but not all of them increase the solution quality substantially. We propose to use machine learning to learn how to select a subset of agents from a collection of subsets, such that replanning increases the solution quality more. We show experimentally that our solver, MAPF-ML-LNS, significantly outperforms MAPF-LNS on the standard MAPF benchmark set in terms of both the speed of improving the solution and the final solution quality.

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