H. Zhang, O. Salzman, A. Felner, S. Kumar, C. Hernandez and S. Koenig. Efficient Multi-Query Bi-Objective Search via Contraction Hierarchies. In International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS), pages 452-461, 2023.

Abstract: Contraction Hierarchies (CHs) have been successfully used as a preprocessing technique in single-objective graph search for finding shortest paths. However, only a few existing works on utilizing CHs for bi-objective search exist, and none of them uses CHs to compute Pareto frontiers. This paper proposes an CH-based approach capable of efficiently computing Pareto frontiers for bi-objective search along with several speedup techniques. Specifically, we propose a new preprocessing approach that computes CHs with fewer edges than the existing preprocessing approach, which reduces both the preprocessing times (up to 3x in our experiments) and the query times. Furthermore, we propose a partial-expansion technique, which dramatically speeds up the query times. We demonstrate the advantages of our approach on road networks with 1 to 14 million states. The longest preprocessing time is less than 6 hours, and the average speedup in query times is roughly two orders of magnitude compared to BOA*, a state-of-the-art single-query bi-objective search algorithm.

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